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San Luis Potosi

The cacti stood in groups, like people with feathers stuck in their hair, it seemed that, leaning towards each other, they were whispering something very important in their ear, neither let the hermits come to the dull rocky desert on an urgent matter and did not even raise their eyes on a passing train. The roads were spread out, as on a map, and it was clear that in the distance they snaked with thin threads, lost somewhere between cacti and cliffs. There was nothing beautiful in the cacti - some kind of simple verbatim squiggle for the words "infertility" and "drought", you understood that they were not so much a consequence as the cause of this land: having absorbed all the moisture that was in the ground, they stored it like camels in their green, ancient, crawled stomachs. Sometimes a flower flashed from the edge of the plants, resembling the smoldering end of a cigar, but even then they did not become more beautiful, because its unnatural, pungent red color looked like the icing of a cheap cake that you leave on the plate half-eaten. Only the sunset light informed this petrified cactus wasteland some humanized, affectionate charm, some kind of pale-golden halo and a feeling of touchingness, as if for a short moment you could see the world with the all-penetrating, like an anatomist, and merciful look of the creator.

Not as a judge, he judges - as a star,

Giving light to a powerless sprout.

The state of Nuevo Leon wearily ended somewhere between cacti and stones, and then San Luis Potosi began. Now, as I write these lines, a guerrilla war is being waged in the mountains, the rebels blew up the train the day before yesterday, and their head, General Saturnino Zedillo, is being chased on the heels, chasing between eagle nests from one mountain platform to another. By order of censorship, newspapers are silent about this (who knows what the fate of our friends is?). Since I was there a few months ago, everything has completely changed, and what I saw then has become the property of history.

At the beginning of March 1938, when I traveled to those places, San Luis Potosi was a small capitalist island on the territory of socialist Mexico, which was governed not so much by the governor of the state as the Indian general Zedillo, who lived on his mountain ranch in Las Palomas . Throughout the year, there was talk that a rebellion was brewing in Mexico, led by General Zedillo, he was from the old cadres of Carranza, the same man who eleven years ago crushed the uprising in Jalisco. Baptized in infancy, he was not a practicing Catholic, they said that he had a very devout sister, but the main reason why San Luis Potosi did not have anti-clerical laws was carried out in an interview with an American journalist: “I myself may and I don’t recognize all this religion, but the poor love it, and I intend to make sure that they are given what they want. ” For some reason, most likely due to the fact that there are no decent hotels in San Luis, tourists do not stay here, and if they stay, then not more than for the night - just one night in a dirty room with an inevitable dead insect in as a symbol of desolation and with the smell of urine from the toilet. Like my fellow travel companion, they board the first morning train and travel to Mexico City. The senile voice that sounded at the dawn on a hotel telephone suddenly aroused sharp regret in me - after all, simple-mindedness and kindness are not so often found in this world. Its owner expressed anxiety and concern - he was leaving, but I stayed here. I reassured him as I could. "In Mexico City, you will probably find someone from Wisconsin," with these words I gloomily lowered the receiver.

In San Luis, I had a lot of time, even more than I would like, however, it was very beautiful here - narrow streets decorated with balconies and bright pink temples against a mountain blue. This is an industrial city, the industry of which is sheltered on the outskirts, and a long-suffering city, which is not immediately understood. Getting ready for bed in the evening, you just notice that there is no water in the tap, then you are told that the city does not have a water supply, in fact the city is thirsty because all the water goes to the fields of General Zedillo, which will be sold city ​​bosses. Nothing has changed here over the past centuries: as an old man, even bloody Aztec sacrifices are offered - over the spirit of Mexico its age prevails.

You go to the cathedral for Mass. Peasants in blue paper pants, kneeling, stand minute by minute, arms outstretched to the sides, as if on a crucifix. The old woman hardly moves on her knees towards the altar, the other prostrated on the floor, pressing her forehead against the stones. The long day ended, but the suffering did not end. The spirit of stigmata was felt here, and you suddenly realized that before you is the people of God and in these middle-aged, tormented by the work of people with ignorant faces the best that is in the soul of a person. The old man’s hands weighed in the field and after five minutes are still stretched to the sides, a young girl with a child in her arms, tormented by pain, walks along the nave on her knees, her sister follows in the same position, this sad, slow, small procession goes to the foot cross. It would seem that their very life is continuous torment, but, like saints, they seek only one bliss, which gives them even more pain.

Near the cathedral there was a market - a gloomy place at sunset time, I didn’t meet such poverty even in the West African bush: a little bit of potatoes, a little bit of beans, wicker baskets and pottery tasteless in shape and color (there were no tourists - they could acquire exactly the same masterpieces on Chelsea in Cotswold stores), terrible toys, jewelry, and used pistols nailed between the slides of vegetables - death could be bargained for a few dimes. Dust tickled in my throat. The taverns were very dirty and very crowded, some kind of drunk swayed, leaning on a cue. In the center, on a small space free of people, a young clown appeared with a painted face and tarry hair of an Indian, in a gray shabby nightgown, he looked about fifteen years old. He walked about in front of his outlandish, surrealistic props: two megaphones, a bottle of tequila, a nailed board, an iron and a small brazier, the silly soles of his feet were not afraid of either steel tips or fire - he sold misery for money, acquired the stigmata of a fair booth. The performance was assisted by a small orchestra, smiling boys - musicians were about fourteen years old.

I went a little further and found myself in front of the Tempo del Carmen built in the seventeenth century, the brown facade of which was generously adorned with sculptural images and colors by Indian carvers. If you gazed steadily at the stone statues, they seemed long since familiar with bearded European prophets with self-righteous faces and with the Bible pressed to your heart, but as soon as you step aside, and these were not Christians, but Indians, then there was a triumph of frantic matter over the spirit , and stone flesh, seething, rose to heaven.

The fathers of the city stood on the balconies of the administrative buildings for days on end. Since my Mexican journey, balconies have been inseparable for me from officials — pot-bellied men with gray-unshaven cheeks, wide-brimmed hats and arms on their sides. In all the cities of Mexico, from morning to evening they stuck out on their balconies and peered into the distance, where, judging by their faces, something higher was revealed to them.

This text is a fact sheet.

Short description

San Luis Potosi can rightfully be called a synonym for beautiful architecture. One of the oldest colonial cities in Mexico, once it was an important center for silver mining and even the seat of government, today it is an important industrial and educational center of the country. It is interesting to wander around the colonial center of the city, consisting of a number of beautiful squares and well-groomed parks interconnected by pedestrian streets. Perhaps less beautiful than Zacatecas or Guanajuato, the attractiveness of this city with more than 700,000 inhabitants is reflected in its delightful colonial buildings, impressive churches and many beautiful museums.

San Luis Potosi is one of Mexico’s “silver cities”, along with San Miguel, Queretaro, Guanajuato, Zacatecas and Alamos. All of these cities are located northwest of Mexico City. Each of them has its own unique look and color, and together they make up one of the best places to travel and explore Mexico.

The city is named in honor of King Louis IX of France. Potosi was added later in connection with the same name of the city in Bolivia, known for the fabulous wealth of its silver mines discovered forty years earlier. Like other “silver cities”, the wealth of San Luis Potosi was derived from the exploitation of silver mines in the region. The discovery of rich silver deposits in Cerro de San Pedro in 1592 marked the beginning of a wave of Spanish migrants who founded the city. Over time, it has become Mexico's largest and most developed silver city, as evidenced by its magnificent colonial heritage. The elegant colonial center of San Luis Potosi is saturated with the history of Mexico with beautiful colonial architecture, and now the government is trying hard to popularize it in the world of tourism.

San Luis Potosi has a geographically advantageous location in the center of the "triangle" formed by the three largest cities in Mexico: Mexico City, Guadalajara and Monterrey. Currently, it is one of the developed industrial centers of central Mexico. The historic center of the city is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List as part of the Camino Real de Tierra Adentro (literally translated Royal Road of Inland). This road passes through the United States and Mexico. The 1,400-kilometer Mexican section of the road was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in August 2010.

San Luis Potosi (Central America Story Part 9)

In San Luis Potosi, the capital of the state of the same name, we spent only one day, the city is small and not very interesting. But the staff of S.L.P. we still have a record for the time spent. In total, we spent a week in it, visiting in addition to the capital other cities and places which will be discussed later.

Historical Center S.L.P. quite pleasant and has a long pedestrian street, along which tourists walk in a small number and which are sold by many sellers of souvenirs and all small things. From the unusual, on this local "Arbat" we found a delay shop. This small grocery store, which is no different from others, lured us to unusually low prices (40-50% of the usual) and we went there. Prices for almost all goods turned out to be really lower, but when considering goods, it turned out that 80% of the store’s assortment has an expired shelf life, and the remaining 20% ​​is suitable for completion.

We quickly checked the dates of all types of goods and sighed that we were not in the Russian Dixie or Bill, we left them to stand on the shelves, we were not from the Piggy Against Organization and not in Russia, and the Mexicans seemed to know that this is a delay shop and are not afraid of poisoning. Yes, and we ourselves also bought a couple of cupcakes there, the expiration dates, which expired after 9 hours and safely ate them before it expired. Here we found such a store here in Mexico, not Meadow Square in Vladivostok, of course, but also good for lovers of delay or savings. We didn’t really get involved in his goods. And the rest is all in the center of S.L.P, as usual, as in the center of other cities, tourists, beggars, merchants.

On one of the main squares there was some concert ordered by the city administration as part of a non-festival. A group sang zealously and knocked on drums emitting a sound all over the city center,

but practically had no listeners. In the square where they performed it was too loud to stand, and the scorching midday sun did not contribute to listening to music while standing in the square, so the concert was not successful.

South of the center there are several large temples

and the building is similar to the Svidu fortress, in one part of which there is some kind of museum, and the rest of the walls is, as it turned out, a military unit. We didn’t go to the museum, because we don’t really like them outside the USSR, and, out of ignorance, they trampled on the military unit and even went in due to an oversight of the checkpoint duty officer, but he and we quickly realized that something was not right and went back.

More in Mexico and in S.L.P. in particular, all sorts of people of shabby labor are common, just like in Asia. In supermarkets, some peasants pack you all the products in a package, without having any salaries for it from the supermarket itself, but in the hope that you will give them a couple of pesos for that. Other such men suggest rolling the cart to the car, hoping for the same pesos. And in the parks and squares here and there shoe shiners sit, inviting those who put on shoes suitable for them to sit on their throne to them to clean it for you.

In the next city, we even found a massage and pedicure salon, right in the open-air park, but more on that in the next part.

Travel Mexico: Sights of San Luis Potosi State

Mexico, holidays in Mexico, San Luis Potosi, Real de Catators, Huastec, Swallow Cave, Tierra Adentro, waterfalls, kayaking, rafting.

North of the central part of the Mexican Highlands, between the states of Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Hidalgo, Zacatecas, Queretaro and Guanajuato San Luis Potosi - the fifteenth region of the country occupied by the territory, full of vibrant cultural life, beautiful cities and sights of the colony period, natural monuments, national parks and attractive resorts.

San Luis Potosi

Historically, the region was inhabited by the Otomi and Chichimek, then, with the advent of Europeans, gold and silver deposits were developed here and Catholic missions were erected. Currently, the state economy is determined by the development of business infrastructure and tourism in the capital, the city of the same name. San Luis Potosi, and four climatic zones.

History of the city San Luis Potosi, bordered by desert landscapes, dates back to the 16th century and the discovery of rich silver mines. The historic center of the state capital, in 2010 included in the list of monuments UNESCO, - the embodiment of the art of colonial Baroque and neoclassical architecture, expressed in the development of squares, numerous temples and mansions, from which stand out Cathedral, Carmen, San Francisco and San Agustin Temples, Loretto Chapel and museum buildings.

Chapel loretto

Carmen Temple was the place from where the most massive and spectacular event, the mystical Procession of Silence, uniting 28 monastic brotherhoods, starts on Good Friday. A number of cultural events are complemented by festivals of ancient music, modern dance, the feast of light and fairs.

Carmen Temple

The impressive historic center of the state’s main city is only one of the pearls of colonial heritage, on the same level as the beauties of a small old mining town Real de Catorce and charming Hilitla, named by the Ministry of Tourism of Mexico "magical cities". Fertile mountains surrounding Khilitlu, where wonderful coffee and bananas are grown, preserve the traditional way of life of the indigenous peoples of Huastek and Nahua, descendants of the Aztecs, and the natural attractions of the ethno-geographical area Huasteca. The rivers and mountains of Uasteque, parts of Eastern Sierra Madre, are a territory of true natural diversity that attracts adventure lovers and archaeological antiquities, anthropologists, biologists and fans of extreme sports.

Real de Catorce

To the main attractions Wasteca applies Swallow Cave, whose depth is more than 350 m, where hundreds of swifts and green parrots live, in search of food they cover the sky above the cave like clouds. Noteworthy archaeological site Tomtok and Tamuincaves Tlamaya and Saliter, surreal park Las posas with the artist’s castle Edward james and Ciudad valles, from where many adventure tourism routes, speleological tours, kayaking and rafting on the Santa Maria and Tampaon rivers begin. Of particular interest are some of the most spectacular cascades. waterfalls Tamil, Minas Viejo, El Meco, Puente de Dios and Tamasopo, on the banks of the natural pools of which camping sites and restaurants work.

Minas Viejo Waterfall

Huastec culture contributed to the overall culture Mexico in the form of a regional wapango dance performed every Sunday on the esplanade in front of the monastery San agustin in Hillilit, and folk crafts, in particular the production of cane baskets, dolls, leather bags and shoes, woolen blankets and elegant feminine shawls, part of the traditional Mexican national costume. Thanks to the influence Camino Real de Tierra Adentro and areas Huasteca local gastronomy is also very diverse, and the local menu includes spiced dishes from corn, beans, vegetables and meat, tamales, enchilados and “red” cheese tacos served with fried potatoes and carrots. More details with the culture San Luis Potosi introduces the Regional Museum located in the state capital.

Interesting places San Luis Potosi

The site contains the attractions of San Luis Potosi - photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular guides and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see in San Luis Potosi, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places of San Luis Potosi.

Statue of jesus christ

The statue of Jesus Christ is a large sculpture of Jesus Christ, made in 1973-2000. The height of the statue is 21 meters from its base. She is the most significant symbol of the region. The project was conceived in 1973 by Jose Rodriguez Tenorio and now this statue is the largest in North America and the third largest in Latin America. The statue of Jesus Christ got its name after it was placed on the hill of Cerro de las Noas.

There is also a restaurant in the statue area with a beautiful panorama of the city. Still everyone can visit the church, which is located near the mountain. This is one of the oldest churches preserved from the ancient times of the Maya Indians. In these places, irreplaceable pictures are obtained.

Coordinates: 25.52534900,-103.45601700

Tangamanga Park

Tangamanga Park is located in the western part of the city of San Luis Potosi.

The park was opened in 1983 during the reign of Carlos Jonguitud Barrios.

There is a cultural center, a regional museum, a sports ground, a lake and more than 3,000 beautiful trees planted in the mid-80s.

It is currently the second largest city park in the whole country after Chapultepec in Mexico City.

Tangamanga occupies a crucial place in the history of the city. It is located on the territory of 420 hectares, which belonged to the tannery since 1609.

There are two entrances to the park. The first is located on the side of Salvador Nava, and the second is between Chapultepec and Antonio Cordero Roja Boulevard.

The convenient location of the park makes it easy to get to it by car or public transport.

Tangamanga Park is one of the most peaceful places in all of Mexico, suitable for walking, running, cycling or a family picnic.

Coordinates: 22.12436700,-101.00053300

What sights of San Luis Potosí did you like? Next to the photo area there are icons, by clicking on which you can evaluate this or that place.

Swallow Cave

Swallow Cave is a karst cave located in the state of San Luis Potosi.

The depth of the cave is 376 meters, and the volume is 33 110 cubic meters.

The shape of the cave is bottle-shaped, the deeper the cave becomes. It will be difficult to get here, since there is only one dirt road, on which you can only drive on off-road vehicles.

The favorite pastime for tourists coming here is to observe the behavior of the cave dwellers. Here you can see parrots and swifts of rare species, as well as poisonous snakes.

A huge amount of guano is accumulated in the cave, therefore, the air contains a large concentration of toxic substances, and mold and fungi on the walls. Prolonged stay in a cave without oxygen equipment is hazardous to health.

Climbing to the cave with climbing equipment takes 20 minutes, and climbing up - 2 hours.

This place was chosen by base jumpers from around the world. Few people know that some scenes of the thriller "Sanctum" directed by Alistair Grierson were filmed here. Swallow Cave is still not fully explored.

Coordinates: 21.59986100,-99.09891100

In photo mode, you can view the places of interest in San Luis Potosí only from photographs.

Museum Federico Silva

The Federico Silva Museum, opened in June 2003, is a unique space that displays the work of national and international sculptors. The museum is the first museum in Latin America specializing in contemporary sculpture.

The museum is divided into several parts, among which the hall with the works of Federico Silva, a Mexican sculptor and muralist artist, who achieved everything by self-training, is noticeably distinguished. In the museum you can see a variety of sculptures: bats, butterflies, skulls, altars, depicted with geometric precision. Every piece of art in the museum looks impressive.

The museum is open Monday to Saturday from 10 to 18 hours, and also on Sundays from 10 to 14 hours. The day off is Tuesday.

Coordinates: 22.03811800,-100.90968000

Oton Museum

The Oton Museum is a museum dedicated to the poet Jose Manuel Oton and located in San Luis Potosí. He is in the house where the poet lived and worked throughout his life. Jose Manuel Oton was born here on June 14, 1958.

The poet's house is small in size, with a typical courtyard for Mexico. From the courtyard you can get into the bedroom, dining room, reading room, living room and bathroom.

Manuscripts, interior items, as well as the poet’s favorite typewriter - all this has been preserved unchanged.

The museum is open for visitors from Tuesday to Friday from 10:00 to 14:00 and from 16:00 to 18:00, on Saturday and Sunday from 10:00 to 14:00.

Coordinates: 22.15165900,-100.97492900

St. Francis Square

St. Francis Square is the historic center of San Luis Potosí. It is decorated with colonial temples and cobbled alleys. In the center of the square is a large beautiful fountain and the four hundred year old church of St. Francis. On one side of the square you can see the University Avenue building. On the other hand are the romantic Callejon alleys. A charming cobblestone street leads to Aranzazu Square. Around St. Francis Square there are many cozy cafes and bohemian restaurants. This is a great option for a romantic dinner on the terrace of a cafe or restaurant, when you can admire the ancient architecture of the temple. Walking around the historical part of the city, you can look into street stalls and purchase gifts and souvenirs from Mexico.

Coordinates: 22.14913600,-100.97754000

Fundadores Square

Fundadores Square is the main square of the city, it was with it that the construction of the city of San Luis Potosi began.

The founder of the city was Captain Miguel Caldera. There are many historical and modern symbols on the square. To the north of the square, on the site of an old Jesuit college, is the Autonomous University, as well as the old Loreto chapel, which is made in the Baroque style. In the west, the square is decorated with pink marble fountains and arcades. La Compagna Temple, built in the 17th century, is eye-catching.

The interior of the temple and the image of Christ, which is made of reed, are beautiful. The Jesuit chapel Loretto, built at the beginning of the 18th century, with paintings by Cabrera captivates with its beauty. The area is surrounded on all sides by the buildings of restaurants, cafes, as well as modern offices. In the restaurant “La Parroguia”, which is located on the square, you can enjoy delicious local cuisine.

Fundadores Square is especially popular with tourists and locals.

Coordinates: 22.15198700,-100.97809900

Crescent Lake

Crescent Lake is a popular tourist and archaeological site in the region, with a length of about three hundred meters and a width of sixty.

The lake is formed on the site of the former volcanic crater, the average water temperature is about thirty degrees, which is ideal for swimming and scuba diving. Despite the temperature, the water in the lake is always perfectly clean and is often used for the needs of nearby campsites. On many tributaries of the lake, colorful fish, ducks and other wild animals have taken root.

An interesting attraction of the lake are the remains of two skeletons of mammoths, due to which the lake belongs to the second name - "Lake of the Mammoths".

In the early seventies, archaeologists and divers at the bottom of the lake discovered about a hundred sculptures of idols and various vessels dating back to the pre-Hispanic period.

Coordinates: 21.86021400,-100.02775100

The most popular San Luis Potosi attractions with descriptions and photos for every taste. Choose the best places to visit the famous places of San Luis Potosi on our website.

General information

TongueSpanish
CurrencyMexican Peso (MXN)
CapitalMexico city
The distance from Moscow to the capital10 719 km (18 hours by plane)
Emergency service06
Telephone code52
Airport in the capitalMexico City Airport
TimezoneUTC -8 - UTC -6

Where to stay in San Luis Potosi

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